Autor: Laboratório de Geoprocessamento do Instituto Socioambiental
Editora: Instituto Socioambiental
BRAZILIAN AMAZON 2009 presents one aspect of the socioenvironmental complexity of Legal Amazon represented by its natural characteristics and by its protected areas in the form of Indigenous Lands (TIs) and Conservation Areas (UCs). Composed by the entire Brazilian Amazonian biome, 37% of the Cerrado biome and 40% of the Pantanal biome, Legal Amazon is characterized by a mosaic of habitats with signifcant diferences both in terms of ecosystem structure and in terms of the occurrence and abundance of species of fora, fauna and microbiota, forming one of the largest reservoirs of biodiversity on the planet. It is also where 173 indigenous peoples live, whose occupation of the region – involving an intimate and specifc relationship with the environment – dates back more than 10,000 years, along with other populations who began to occupy the region more recently with diferent forms of production. With its large tracts of continuous forest, Amazon plays an essential role in maintaining the regional climate and the current pattern of global atmospheric circulation. Burning and felling of forest areas has been the main source of Brazil’s carbon emissions and the map therefore highlights the importance of the 40% of protected areas in the region in terms of maintaining the rainforest ecosystem. Currently more than 17% of Amazon ha been deforested, but in protected areas this percentage is under 2%. The set of Indigenous Lands and Conservation Areas presented here is a product of ISA’s Socioenvironmental Information System, a continuation of the project begun in the 1980s to track the evolution of the conditions for protecting natural environmen and the collective rights of traditional populations. Previously published in 2000, 2004, 2006 and 2007, this new 2009 version is a special edition that highlights the Conservation Areas supported by the Amazon Region Protected Areas Program (Arpa) run by the Ministry of the Environment. Arpa forms part of Brazil’s ofcial public policy for the conservation of biodiversity, working to meet the commitments agreed at the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Region defned by Law 5.173/66, which covers the states of Acre, Amazonas, Roraima, Rondônia, Pará, Amapá, Mato Grosso and Tocantins and part of Maranhão. The limits of the protected areas were obtained from ofcial documents and projected by ISA onto IBGE’s maps at 1:1,000,000 scale.